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Curly-haired cats are a genuinely unique and exciting breed. The quality and texture of their fur sets them apart from all others. But, how does it come about? How many curly-haired cat breeds are there? How much do they cost?
If you're thinking of getting a curly cat and are asking yourself these questions, here's what you need to know.
Coat genes determine the pattern, pigmentation (color), texture, and length of feline fur. They are responsible for a variety of coat variations, any of which can be curly. The different coats include;
A tortoiseshell coat pattern is defined by streaks of orange and a non-orange, mostly black color. Cats with these coats may also have white spots in their fur. In contrast, Tricolor cats will have large amounts of white in their coat, so the red and black patches will look more like patchwork.
Calicos and tortoiseshells are almost always female. This occurs because the coat pattern arises from a differential X chromosome activation. Since males carry only one X chromosome copy, it is rare for them to have this kind of coat.
Color-pointed cats have a dark coloration on their extremities (feet, ears, faces, and tails) and a lighter coloration on other parts of their bodies. The pointed pattern is a type of partial albinism that results from a mutated enzyme (tyrosinase).
In its mutated form, the enzyme is heat-sensitive, so it takes effect only in cooler parts of the skin. As a result, only the coolest parts of the cat's body will have dark pigmentation. They can be remarkably dark in color - they will often have a near-black, brown, or cool grey appearance.
The silver coat occurs whenever the melanin inhibitor gene is activated. It suppresses pigment production, which gives solid cat coats a silver smoke appearance.
This is a coat type in which the cat has one primary color with white patches. This pattern includes a tuxedo, where the cat is mostly black with white on its chest, van (primarily white with a colored tail and head, or tortoiseshell.
Tabbies have marbled patterns comprising bullseyes, butterflies, spots, bullseyes, or swirls. They owe their coat pattern to a dominant allele of the Agouti gene. It stimulates full pigmentation when the hair first starts to grow, slows down pigment production, and speeds it up again. This creates the pigmented bands tabbies are known for.
The four tabby variations include
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Curly coats come from a rare genetic mutation that causes changes in the way individual hairs and hair groups behave. This change gives the cat's fur a curly appearance. The mutation is not common but can occur spontaneously in several genes, leading to various curly coat types.
There are four cat breeds known to have curly fur. The trait is rare among felines and sometimes, it can’t be passed down even when it occurs. Consequently, there aren't that many. Three of the four officially recognized curly haired cat breeds are from the Rex class.
LaPerms have short wavy coats. The breed is known for being social and affectionate towards humans, so expect them to follow you around and seek your attention. They can have a variety of colors and markings and may also display long/short-haired coat variations.
Note: This cat's curly fur tends to disappear after birth then reappear at about 10 months of age. So, you shouldn’t be surprised if you see this happen.
The Devon rex is an intelligent, short-haired, tall-eared cat breed started in England in the mid-90s. These cats are known for their slender bodies, large ears, and wavy coats. They have shown the ability to learn and perform complex tricks but are hard to motivate.
Devon cats are usually mischievous, active, and friendly. In fact, cats of this breed are so playful that they're often described as a cross between a dog, cat, and monkey. They are experienced jumpers and will actively try to investigate and occupy any space large enough to hold them. Most Devons will devote their love and attention to a single person. This individual will be the one on whom they will most often lie and rub.
Cornish Rexes have no hair except for down. This makes their coats extremely fine and curly. The breed is best adapted to indoor living with warm, dry conditions, as they are sensitive to low temperatures. The cats like to race other pets, play fetch and do acrobatic jumps. Like the Devon, they are very intelligent, capable of quickly adapting to new environments. Cornish Rex cats display various coat colors and patterns that include solids like black, white, and chocolate; all variations of tabby like mackerel and classic; and color-point patterns.
The Selkirk Rex differs from the Devon Rex and Cornish Rex in that it has a complete coat, and its hair is of average length. Its fur is also plusher and thicker than a LaPerm's.
The breed originated in Montana in 1987, with a litter born to a rescued cat, and has since been developed into two distinct coat lengths, long and short. Selkirks are large and solidly built. Their coats are soft and woolly, loose, unstructured curls. The breed's temperament is primarily influenced by the cats that contributed to its development. Selkirks usually possess the reserved traits of the British shorthair, the socialness of the Persian, and the playfulness of the exotic shorthair.
Note: there may be other cats with curly fur, but these are the only recognized breeds.
A curly-haired cat will cost about $1500. Since the cats are so rare, it's unlikely you will find them in pet shelters. In fact, they are so rare that they're only a handful up for adoption at any given moment. This means your best option is to contact reputable breeders, who will charge around $1500 per kitten.
Curly-haired cats are less susceptible to shedding. Some breeds may not shed at all. This characteristic means they are less likely to trigger allergies in humans.
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